Every year the Great Chichén Itzá is visited by over a million people. This site, was declared Patrimony of Humanity in 1988, and it is now consider one of The Seven Wonders of the New World. For its combination of culture, history, grandeur and nature Chichen Itzá its a most for any traveler.
Chichén Itzá is one of the most controversial, studied and visited ruins of the Mayan world. Its history and its chronology are the subject of debates and the fate of its people a puzzle that archaeologists continue to theorize about as excavations continue.
The Mayas forged a wide empire with one culture centered in Chichén Itzá. Nevertheless around 1250 A.D. the city was abandoned for reasons still not completely understood. The power of this city was so great that centuries after its fall, it is still a site of peregrination and adoration. Even as recently as 1540 A.D. Francisco de Montejo, founder of Mérida, considered making it his capital.
The Castle of Kukulcan rising 30 meters from the earth is the most impressive building. Its age is difficult to calculate, being estimated between 650 and 800 A.D. The numbers of its different measurements relate to digits in the Maya solar calendar; for example, 91 steps on 4 sides, or 364; plus the platform, 365, the number of days in a year. The five adornments on each side of the temple are 5 x 4, or 20, the number of days in a Maya month. This building, revealing the profound knowledge of the Mayas, every year during the equinox demonstrates the descending of the god Kukulkan, “The Feathered serpent”, to earth, in a light and shadow phenomenon that every year attracts visitors from all over the world.
The Ball Court has a cosmic meaning. With its warlike symbols and almost perfect acoustics it is one of the oldest constructions in the zone, bearing the date 864 A.D.
To visit this majestic site is to enter an indispensable chapter in the history of the Maya people. Truly no visitor to Yucatan should leave without visiting The Great Chichen Itzá, ending this meeting with the Mayas with the light and sound show offered every night of the year.
*The trip includes:
- Bilingual guide
- Meal after the visit
- The entrance fee to Chichén Itzá is not included. ($232 mexican pesos USD $13 approximately).